Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 111, s. 31 grants local boards of health (LBOH) the legal authority to promulgate reasonable health regulations. The recently signed amendment to G.L. c. 111, s. 31 requires LBOH to solicit comments on proposed agricultural regulations from an established municipal agricultural commission (AgCom) if one exists in the municipality. The amendment requires that a local board of health request AgCom commentary and outlines the process of obtaining said commentary. Under the newly amended state law, a copy of any proposal regulation must be provided to the AgCom when the regulation impacts any of the following agricultural topics: (1)

  • Farmers’ markets; (2);
  • Farms (3);
  • Non-commercial keeping of poultry, livestock, and bees; and
  • Non-commercial production of fruit, vegetables, and horticultural plants.

The operation of farmers markets and the health of local farms, the keeping of animals and bees, and the harvesting of non-commercial agriculture are complicated issues that affect many farmers and residents. As we have seen over the past year, there are times when the non-farmer sourced food supply (i.e., supermarkets) can incur challenges. In the face of food-supply challenges, these agricultural initiatives can provide a municipality with a resilient local solution. Requiring increased participation of AgComs in a LBOH’s regulatory process will involve those with subject-matter expertise to help assist the LBOH. This amendment can fortify partnerships within municipalities to effectively protect the public health and promote farming and other agricultural initiatives.

In the case of an emergency, the LBOH does not have to refer the matter to the AgCom.

This document is provided for educational purposes only and is not to be construed as legal advice. For legal advice, please contact your city or town attorney.

  1. The AgCom must be established pursuant to Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 40, s. 8L. As of May 2017, there were 172 AgComs within the Commonwealth. MASSACHUSETTS ASSOCIATION OF AGRICULTURAL COMMISSIONS, About AgComs: MA AgComs, available at (Last visited Jan. 10, 2021).
  2. As defined in 105 CMR 590.
  3. As defined in MASS. GEN. LAWS ch. 128, § 1A.

For a PDF Version of this posting, go to ch111s31 Legislation Alert msb011421